Shrinking to a blog post or page even mentioning the very basic essential facts regarding the Duomo area and it surrounding is an unfeasible job! Entire books only scrap the surface of the details and the history of this magic square that makes Florence one of the most visited cities in the world.
Duomo means Cathedral and The Cathedral of Florenceis also known as the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore finished in 1436 by Filippo Brunelleschi. The Cathedral is not the only monument in the square, in front of Brunelleschi’s masterpiece finds the Baptistery and besides it the Campanile of Giotto. The Baptistery is one of the oldest buildings in the city(between 1059-1128) and it proudly boasts its Florentine Romanesque style of architecture while the Campanile is rich of sculptures all to the top of the 14 meter tower and has the same structure of the Cathedral.
In mid 2010 under our young Mayor Matteo Renzi, the heart of the city has been turned a completely pedestrian area and this makes it a lot easier for the people to walk around freely, finally giving some air to the overcrowded sidewalks and noisy buses.